10 Most Popular and in-demand programming languages in 2018

Programmers and IT job seekers need to scoop up their skills everyday to develop or build the apps or web using programming languages. But not all programming languages are survivable nor sustainable in period of time . Only few programming languages for decades stand alone for job seekers as the demand has consistent growth. 

Recent research from PYPL been conducted and ranking factor of programming languages  is totally based on the number of search for a certain language thus, programming with more number of searches will be assumed to be popular.

According to TIOBE, Java still remains to be the most popular programming language which is then followed By C and C++. According to PYPL, Python continued to take the lead among st other languages this year and seems to have increase in demand year by year due to machine learning / artificial intelligence jobs grows


1. Java

It’s one of the most popular, general purpose and most adopted programming language used by hundreds and millions of developers including billions of devices worldwide. Java is class-based, object-oriented programming language and its designed to be portable thus can be used on all platforms, devices and operating systems.

Uses: for building desktops apps, android apps, and video games. In addition, commonly used by developers as a server-side language that is; for enterprise-level back-end development. Even many bank application based servers do need Java Servlets these days. 


2. Python

Python is one of the high-level programming languages widely used for general-purpose programs. This language is simple and readable though it’s the easiest coding-language to learn for the beginners. It’s essential for any beginner to learn this language so as to become a seasoned professional. Python can be also used for complex programming tasks such as AI and machine learning.

Uses: for developing any desktop GUI based applications, websites and web apps and also integrated frameworks for machine learning today 


3. C

C was developed by Dennis Ritchie in 1972 for it to be used in the UNIX operating system. It’s the predecessor of C++. It is procedural language based on functions and structures. Initially, it was used as a programming language for systems but it has proven that it’s a powerful and flexible programming language which can be used in numerous applications such as from business programs.

Uses: for developing operating systems , games , embedded softwares and also autonomous which are compatible 


4. C++

It is a general-purpose scripting language based on C. C++ has objective-oriented, imperative and generic programming features.

Uses: A powerful, flexible  and high-performance language used in building desktops apps, web apps, systems’ software and game engines.


5. PHP

It’s a server-side scripting language that is mainly used for web applications. Today, more than 80% of websites use PHP including Wikipedia, WordPress, Facebook, and Tumblr.  Apart from its popularity, it is also easy to use and offers various advanced features for experienced programmers.

Uses : for developing web applications and websites. 


6. JavaScript

Despite being popular, JavaScript is also a powerful and dynamic scripting language. Much of its syntax has been derived from the C language. In addition, its compatible across all browsers and more than 90% of all web pages use this scripting language.

Uses: to create websites and games especially for the web and works as the foundation of Node.js: a server-technology that enables real-time communication.


7. Ruby

Ruby is a reflective, dynamic, object-oriented as well as general purpose scripting language. It supports numerous programming paradigms such as object and functional oriented and imperative. It’s widely popular because of its web framework, Rails.

Uses: for developing automated pages, weblogs and most associated with web frameworks which is helpful for developers to develop any applications based on web platforms.


8. C# (C Sharp)

C# is a simple, modern, general-purpose, object-oriented programming language developed by Microsoft within its .NET initiative led by Anders Hejlsberg. It is designed for Common Language Infrastructure, which consists of the executable code and runtime environment that allows the use of various high-level languages on different computer platforms and architectures.

Uses: for developing desktop GUI based applications , operating systems , embedded systems and games , Advanced computations & graphics.


9. Swift

Swift is the successor of Objective-C. It is slightly clean, fast as well as an error-free programming language and can reduce the code’s length, save time and energy. it was built by Apple.

Uses: Building applications for macOS, Ios, tvOS, and watchOS. In addition, since is open source, it can also be used on Linux or Window system that compliers and apps are all compatible with Apple devices.


10. R

It’s an open-source programming language. R is majorly used in software environment for both statistical computing and graphics. You can use R to conduct numerical computations through additional-packages.

Uses: Used by data miners and statisticians to develop statistical software as well as for data analysis.


The ranking is based on the popularity of languages on the internet, including Google search, GitHub and various online community websites where users talk about programming languages. However, it’s not a survey of most used or useful programming languages.

PS: Collected the details from TIOBE and PYPL and from various sources on net. Credits to them