New Photo Voltaic Solar cells can distinguish Hydrogen and Electricity concurrently

A year back i was stating about Wireless Charging and about India's first Quantum Computing discoveries in detail now i would like to talk of some solar cells which you have seen in  many homes and offices using solar panels for generating electricity to reduce electric bills which are supposed to be paid to govt on monthly basis and why this solar cell is very important topic to be discussed because it is not only alternative source of conventional based power producers but also it is very clean energy that is absolutely the future will change the way we use power now. 

Solar cells has overtaken coal as the largest source of electricity generation capacity and 30% of the capacity is exactly due to silicon solar cells and it is no doubt in future it will make a deep impact and even become cheaper and easier for govt to reduce to cut down generating costs through installing panels at every houses which may be quiet time consuming but feasibly possible. For those who don't know how it operates let me give you short brief .

diagram of solar cells working

The operation is very simple in the photo voltaic cells a.k.a Solar cells which will have 4 parts and looks exactly like bread sandwich and on the other side it looks like thin strips of metallic electrodes and the power which is generated from solar cells stays within the circuit of cells . When the upper panel heads the direction towards the Sun visibility area, it just gets the heat actually to be converted to usable electricity through Photons from sun which will be intact with circuit and panel and also through filling. Filling of Silicon cell has 4 different layers and i.e., negative and positive silicon , p-type silicon and n-type silicon

illustration of working solar panel

Okay, now you got to know of how Solar cells working process and let me jump straight down to the plant process. Have you heard of the term " Photosynthesis " in schools or colleges . Of course , you would have heard of it a lot and even you guys would have known of it and how does it goes but why i want to connect Photosynthesis to Solar Cells ? What's the Catch ? . Researchers and Scientists are in a progressive state to recreate Photosynthesis in Lab to do one specific task and that is to mimic fuel . 

process of photosynthesis in plants with chemcial forumla

Have you ever wondered this is actually possible ? BrookHaven  National Laboratory and Virginia Tech have succeeded in figuring out bringing out the so called Supra Molecule which perform the process of photosynthesis to occur. It seems like very old and common method but the toughness is creating an artificial photosynthesis in lab for a solar cell doesn't seem to be that simple at all. What actually is artificial Photosynthesis ? 

Artificial Photosynthesis is a replica of natural process of photosynthesis which is done chemically by converting sunlight , water , carbon dioxide into processable fuels through protons , CO2 into producable hydrogen fuels through HPEV ( Hybrid Photo Electrochemical and Voltaic Cell ) Both Supra molecules are made up of several Ruthenium metal ions connected to single catalytic centre with Rhodium ions absorbs sunlight and produces energy making it more receptive and even more efficient

Nanowires, conductive materials and microscopic artificial structures composed of silicon like materials and few membranes form leaf like structure and act as catalyst to create the artificial photosynthesis which not only does the natural type process but also it acts as splitter that splits the Water into Oxygen and protons which is then captured by electricity and it is been noted that previous photosynthesis efficiency has been recorded as 6.8% and now the new design seems to have improved efficiency upto 20 % than conventional solar hydrogen cells.
how artificial photosynthesis process works and its uses

It is a remarkable achievement from the team who made it as possible and they are even planning to improve the charging efficiency . They also planning to cut down carbon dioxide emissions from the team is really a challenging work from group effort of lot of people to contribute such wonderful results to improve for future is not easy task though. I strongly believe that the future is gonna be fully reliable on clean energy will be a question mark. Some of the electric cars are running via Solar HPEV for better decarbonising performance which was tested by Toyota Mirai that runs on fuel cells in 2015 were benchmarks to be checked of.

Best Research cell efficiency results of solar cells

Above Line chart shows about better solar cell efficiencies and which means ratio of the energy output from solar cell to input energy from the sun. It means efficiency depends on the spectrum and intensity of incident sunlight and the temperature of the solar cell. The efficiency of the solar cell is determined as the fraction of incident power which is converted into electricity could be defined using specific formula and you can see the results above when it comes to year by year , the efficiency seems to be increasing and even subjected to be increasing more. Together with HPEV, it could be even drastically improved a lot to generate even more with less spectrum intensity observed in the cell and also to separate hydrogen from the elements combined more smartly. Thanks to innovation and research team who made this as possible.

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Invest in Indian economy for better future sustainability

India : the seventh largest nation in size wise  and ranks third in terms of preferred destination for investment in economic scale and it has emerged one of the most successive destinations that your investment will never go waste and also govt has eased the steps for business regulation for any foreigners to do business when compared with earlier stage and also better sustainable growth and also witnessed a paradigm shift for one decade nearly and achieved a strong robust growth today 

Our nation has a strong history when it comes to culture and politics and even when it comes to trade and business , you all might have heard of East Indian companies but now after independence India was facing a strong economic and political challenge and even population has risen densely since Independence to achieve the world's third largest equity market accounts to US$ 600 Billion and achieving this figure from a country like India with the diversified politics and governance is not a joke 

India's strength and constraints in doing business

                                                                 ( Source : EY )

There has been so many initiatives taken by present govt. with strict initiatives with the great business visionary like Make In India , Startup India and Digital India. On the either side, after slating the various taxes under one common tax called Goods & Services Tax (GST) . This actually increased the confidence of renewed investors to make a start up with the keen interest to grow with the only focus of expectation is Consumerism the key core point in India will have its impact in coming years 

In the global economy , where trades , taxes and policies are getting changed everyday and govt. also has its stand towards country's growth and economy that facilitates for global standardization to local business owners to make sure business runs with win-win situation but still you could see our neighboring nation China is doing tremendously marvelous , India's progressive is also coming up with the plus point of consumer spending avg just crossed china in 2015 and also it is expected to over take China surprisingly in 2020.

gdp growth of india

  As you can see from the above , the India's track record of better GDP than other nations which is totally backed with low fiscal deficit and inflation will make the investors to invest in India . Not only this but also Indian Equity market has shown its wave in the last 5 years with the steady earnings for upto 7-9 years appx. which you could see it out in the following CAGR below which was published by Kotak 

cagr of indian equity market

It is also been noted that for foreign companies, long term capital gains were reduced to 20% with the view to liberalize Indian market and also you can see from the above chart it indicates steady growth when compared with last two decades and most other factors which you need to consider why Indian market is a worth a shot to be invested because of its Young demographics . India has vast percentage of young demographics and is also expected to rise in coming years when compared with falling younger demographics.  This is the main projected reason for any companies to get more no. of youngsters for the job requirements could suffice the necessity of career openings for variety of industries and is also to be projected that young demographics of India may rise upto 1.1 billion in the year 2050 . This will help the way to sustain growth in purchasing power which influences India's consumerism a deeper scale impact 

As you can see GDP of India has grown enormous and it has become sixth largest pushing France to 7th recently and  also with the extra ordinary business easing measures from govt. India's growth rate even overtook China's and also projected to grow more in coming years will be considerably favorable for investors. the primary factors of these back scenario of flexibility lies in many factors of which some seemed to be are huge market base in India is always open to investments and challenges and also fast developing spending habits in the middle class is increasing day to day , good administrative favorable policies , feasible business environment , attractive foreign policies and abundant skill force are attractive incentive to investors 

Educational Institutions play a greater part where they train man power for the job for the wants of specific companies which helps to offer excellent human resources and most importantly is here in india , English speaking skill is common where it helps for global companies to set up to communicate for business and job career requirements is another added vantage. It not only influences youngsters and job seekers but also if you consider management perspective, their necessity for labour force also fulfilled and the strategic location of the country is easy for transportation and distribution to other countries via hubs and channels are easily achievable for any traders this is actually a true competitive advantage. 

Indian govt. also has formulated many measures to make it even attractive for foreigners and NRI's to invest their funds to capitalize in Mutual Funds ,  Shares, Bonds  & Debentures  . Companies like Goldman Sachs already realized the importance of investing in India and their first eye is to catch up with equity shares and they primary focus is on platform builds under which business set up will be initiated from scratch with team of professionals through ReNew Power Ventures Pvt. Ltd. and also allying up with other investment partners such as Global Consumer Products Pvt. Ltd. & BPL Medical Technologies. They primarily deal with financial sector and quasi real estate sector 

goldman sachs investors  contribution

Also an smart approach from govt's investment agency Invest India with 49% Govt. Equity under DIPP ( Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion ) and they distribute 0.5%  to 11 states and the rest is divided categorically  to CII , FICCI , NASSCOM  leaving 17% shares each to woo Foreign Direct Investments in India and also it has achieved successfully by attracting many foreign investments from South Korea, China , Sweden , UK & France

The next factor which i would like to point out here why Indian Investment is worth considering for foreigners is the rising economic influence from many statistical reports that India and China will be the largest manufacturing hubs in 2030 and that is nothing longer than a decade and also they believe it will be acting as INSTC ( International North South Transit Corridor ) which will be a connectivity from Central Asia to Europe 

global maritime trade to move from pacific to indian ocean connectivity hubs

Indian infrastructure mentioning corridors
India's Infrastructure is improving and you will see the growth will be more as many people in India will move to cities in next five years and also its been estimated that nearly 1.5 Trillion USD has been planned for Infrastructure development and the government is keying in initiatives on various sectors which are reported in Government of India website are 
  • Highways ( Bharatmala and NHDP ) - 106.5 $ Billion
  • Railways - 131.7 $ Billion
  • Ports -  61.5 $ Billion ( Port development ) + 123 $ Billion ( Port-led Industrialization )
  • Airports - 58 $ Billion
  • Industrial Corridors - 100 $ Billion ( DMIC Phase - I )
  • Smart Cities - 14.6 $ Billion
Other main factors which i would like to state why Indian investment will be the future door for foreigners is all mainly because of size , consumer market , purchasing power , increase in tech start ups and booms , rising middle class economy and huge labour market will be another key reasons for investors to target Indian market . 

Mid level Industrial Companies like JCB , Cummins , AECOM and General Electric and Angel Investors like Brookfield have successfully capitalized on India's infrastructure investments. As the matter of fact, JCB makes half of the fortune profits from India. It is also been estimated that India needs additional 5 Trillion USD in developing infrastructure investment to sustain its economical growth , but domestic Indian companies seems to have been lacking of adequacy and competancy. This is the forte where big MNC's can march their start in India by offering adequate competancies in high tech infrastructure solutions such as jet engines , turbines and propellers , CT scanners and Satellite communications 

Companies like Xiaomi , Huawei , Suzuki , Hyndai , Honda , LG  , Samsung , Colgate , Coca Cola, Pepsi has already showed success paths after strong review from central govt. and India is technologically booming up with more no. of tech start ups even in the modern future requirements like Artificial Intelligence , Machine Learning and Robotics from freshbies are growing up day by day. In past few years time span , Indian start ups has attracted more than 20 Billion $ in the industry is a good progress. Not only that but also Indian education industry has sky rocketed in a decade and literally India has large no. of engineers than USA and China Combined together.

global competitiveness report

After digitilization , Indian govt has made it ease for every consumers and business owners to transact very easily through net banking transfers , UPI and also introduction of digital wallets like Paytm , Airtel has sparkled and made it flexible for anyone to send or receive money easily and also instantly without waiting for days like earlier. 

As you can see from the above statistics that Digital India is revolutionizing everywhere in India and smartphones has become major banking channel for youngsters and professionals to make transactions and also reduce the cash , cheque transactions nominally not only that but also increased in digital transactions between B2B , B2C and also C2C. 

digital india in various sectors statistics chart

components of digital economy in india

growth in e-governance transactions in india

( Source : Economic Times )

The above info statics proves that India's digital economy is blooming and creates immense opportunities across the lives of citizens and bolted towards faster India in terms of digitizing interact with all types of industries like financial services , retail , media , travel , hospitality and healthcare. 

At the year 2020 , Indian economy will be more digitized and small enterprises will slowly move from conventional to digital economy sooner and also all the challenges will turn out to be positive factor in coming years and also IMF projects that India's GDP will move from 6th largest to 3rd largest in 10 years time from now following China , USA  with annual real growth of 8.1 % and above is been estimated positively for sustainability result. 

GDP projections of top 20 nations from 2009 till 2050

                                                  ( Source : World Bank, Statistia )

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